Wombats are marsupials and can weigh up to 36 kilograms. They have a large head and a short neck. Their sharp claws and powerful legs make them great diggers. Despite their slow appearance, wombats can run up to 40km/hr. The life span of these marsupials is 15-20 years.
One unique adaptation of wombats is their backwards pouch. This means that the wombat does not get dirt in its pouch when digging, leaving wombat joeys (babies) clean and safe. The wombat shares its special backward facing pouch with its closest relative, the koala.
Wombats burrow systems can be up to 30 metres long and several metres deep, used for shelter and to escape from danger. They sleep in their burrows during the day and emerge at night to feed on native grasses, sedges and roots. They cut their food with sharp front teeth, which grow continuously.
The northern hairy-nosed wombat was found across New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland as recently as 100 years ago, but is now restricted to a 3km² range within the Epping Forest National Park in Queensland. It is one of the rarest marsupials in the world and is critically endangered.